• "If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?"
    Albert Einstein

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Citation is a simple and short procedure that allows reader to acknowledge the sources through the provided key information. Source material could be anything books, journal articles, websites, government publication etc.

Citations comprise of standard elements:

  1. author name
  2. titles of books, articles, and journals
  3. date of publication
  4. page numbers
  5. volume and issue numbers

Why to cite

This will actually signifies the originality of your own work

  1. To distinguish work from that of source.
  2. Protect one against plagiarism
  3. To adds strength to the work
  4. To prove your viewpoint
  5. To backup the arguments
  6. To provide evidence of your research
  7. Gives credit to authors

What to cite

  1. Ideas, words, theories, or exact language that another person used in other publications
  2. Another person's exact words should be quoted and cited to show proper credit
  3. Publications that must be cited include: books, book chapters, articles, web pages, thesis, etc.
  4. Facts, figures, ideas, or other information that is not common knowledge

When to Cite

Whenever anyone uses ideas or words of someone, they need to acknowledge their source. One must cite in the following situations:

  1. Whenever you use Quotes
  2. Whenever you paraphrase
  3. Whenever you use someone’s ideas
  4. Whenever you make specific reference to another person’s work
  5. Whenever someone’s work is critical in developing our ideas